Learn more. Also referred to as birth sex, natal sex, biological sex or sex. Cisgender: A term for people whose gender identity generally matches the gender assigned for their physical sex. In other words, someone who does not identify as transgender. FTM: Female-to-male transgender person. Sometimes identifies as a transgender man. Someone assigned the female gender at birth who identifies on the male spectrum. They may define their gender as falling somewhere in between man and woman, or they may define it as wholly different from these terms.
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A trans woman is a woman who was assigned male at birth. Trans women may experience gender dysphoria and may transition ; this process commonly includes hormone replacement therapy and sometimes sex reassignment surgery , which can bring relief and resolve feelings of gender dysphoria. Trans women may be heterosexual , bisexual , homosexual , asexual , or identify with other terms such as queer. The term transgender woman is not always interchangeable with transsexual woman , although the terms are often used interchangeably. Transgender is an umbrella term that includes different types of gender variant people including transsexual people. Trans women face significant discrimination in many areas of life, including in employment and access to housing, and face physical and sexual violence and hate crimes, including from partners; in the United States, discrimination is particularly severe towards trans women who are members of a racial minority , who often face the intersection of transphobia and racism. Both transsexual and transgender women may experience gender dysphoria , distress brought upon by the discrepancy between their gender identity and the sex that was assigned to them at birth and the associated gender role or primary and secondary sex characteristics. Both transsexual and transgender women may transition. A major component of medical transition for trans women is estrogen hormone replacement therapy , which causes the development of female secondary sex characteristics breasts , redistribution of body fat, lower waist—hip ratio , etc.
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Read on to learn more about the difference between being transgender and being transsexual, why someone might choose one term over the other, and more. The term transgender can mean different things to different people. There are a number of other labels individuals who are transgender use to describe their gender.
Frank P. Pool, Michel A. Hofman, Louis J. Gooren, Dick F. Transsexuals experience themselves as being of the opposite sex, despite having the biological characteristics of one sex.